Sudan political and security Briefing By. Michael Malual ___ Objective: To give Martha a possible quickest update of her new Residential Area Rumbek, internal locations of services institutions, the present system of The New Sudan gov’t and how people are Getting on with it. Sudan is one of the largest countries of the present 53 countries in Africa. Its comprised 4 directional divisions namely: Northern Sudan………..Khartoum, El obeid, port Sudan, El Gezira Southern Sudan………..Juba, Wau, Malakal, Rumbek, Eastern Sudan and…….Kasala, Damazin, kurmuk Western Sudan………..Darfur, Nyala, el Geneina, El fahser These divisions aren’t politically united because of the system of governance that had been in place on the Sudanese soil since the assumed independence in 1956. This explains the war led by the south, east, and the western Sudanese territories against the north dominated oppressive government as being described. The idea is turn off by the emergence of the government of national unity GONU given birth by the CPA an agreement that combine Sudan into common terms with a sovereign additional government of Southern Sudan – GOSS. During the war, southern Sudan was divided into what they called the three gr regions namely: The gr upper Nile The gr equatoria and The gr Bhar el Ghazal to ease communication and keep people united for the war goal. With the Naivasha protocol of the comprehensive peace agreement – CPA. The plans of proper governance, dev’t, internal services and power sharing resulted to the Re-division of southern Sudan into ten states, hence the abolition of the regional policy. The ten states allocated on the population size are: 1. The Central Equatoria state…………..…with its capital as Juba 2. The western Equatoria State…………….with its capital as Yambio 3. The eastern equatorial state……………..with its capital as Torit 4. The Jonglei State…………………………… with its capital as Bor Town 5. The upper Nile State………………………. with its capital as Bentiu 6. The Western Upper Nile State…………. with its capital as Fangak 7. The Northern Bhar el Ghazal state…….. with its capital as Aweil 8. The Western Bhar el Ghazal State……… with its capital as Raja 9. The Warrap State ……..………………...….. with its capital as Warrap and 10. The Lakes State……………………………….. with its capital as Rumbek Each State is headed by a governor as a supreme authority answerable to the presidency. Under each state are 8 counties and each county is headed by a commissioner as the supreme authority answerable to a governor. Each county is also divided into 5 to 7 divisions known as payams and headed by a Payam Administrator answerable to a commissioner. The payams are divided into villages headed by chiefs. This is called a local government. Lakes state / Rumbek The lakes is an English name provided according to water nature of this area, it is arabically Translated as “al Buheirat” and called “Pan Aram-weer” in Dinka. The area is occupied by communities of two origins (Dinka and Jurbel) The 8 counties of the Lakes State are County Capital Description Community Rumbek North County Maper 150 north of rumbek Agar-pakam Rumbek Centre County Rumbek Rumbek centre Agar- Nyang and Amothniim Wulu County Wulu 34 km south of Rumbek Jurbel and some mixed Agar Rumbek East County Akot 350 km east of Rumbek Agar-Aliaptooch1 & 2 Cueibet County Cueibet 74km west of Rumbek Gok-arool Yirol West County Yirol 150km east of Rumbek Atuot Yirol East County Nyang 180km east of Rumbek Chiech Awerial County Awerial 300 km south east of Rumbek Aliap Social Amenities Health Rumbek Town has one Hospital located few meters on a minor road behind the Freedom square One clinic call ‘Dikonie Health Centre” located on wulu road and some shop selling drugs in the market. Schools There is one public high school called “The Rumbek Senior Secondary” And the following primaries: 1. Comboni primary School 2. Ager Gum primary School 3. Deng Nhial primary School 4. Riak Dor primary Schoo 5. Matangai primary School and 6. ECS primary School Banks There are two banks in Rumbek, The Nile Commercial Bank – NCB in The freedom Square junction and the Kenya Commercial bank – KCB located at Afex camp 5 near the airport Markets There are two main public markets in Rumbek, The Town market and Malith local market. Where Sudanese Dinnars and pounds are the only sole legal tender. It is safe to move around with the exposed purse but only in the day. General situation Tribal fire exchange where the main problems of this place but have diminishes following the good work of governmental establishments. Up to date, there is a curfew in Rumbek which dictate no night movement after 23 hours daily. The sub-towns of Rumbek are: Akuach Malualbab 1 & 2 Makhoi Deng Nhial Makurierich Malith and Malual-akhan We are living in Malualbab 2. Signs of detected land mine presence in Sudan Caution. God Bless!
Photo coming soon
Sudan, Al Kharţūm
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